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Rubber Technology Rubber manufacturing is a component of rubber technology that centers on transforming elastomers also called rubbers. The transformation converts rubber into significant products that include rubber mats, automobile tires, as well as exercise rubber stretching bands. The process apply different materials such as natural rubber, latex, and synthetic rubber as well as different polymeric materials. Polymeric materials include thermoplastic elastomers. Rubber manufacturing has many features of processing rubber using many techniques. The techniques are elements of a range of items. The rubber manufacturing process is an aspect of vulcanization. Most of these products undergo vulcanization. The process starts with heating using a small amount of sulphur. It is reminiscent of cross-linking heating agent can also be used during vulcanization. The process stabilizes polymer chains through a range of temperature. Charles Goodyear started the process of vulcanization in the 19th century. The process of vulcanization uses a restricted method to polymer chains. The chains have a double bond in its backbone. Materials with a double bond include polybutadiene and natural rubber. They have different types. The elastomeric state during rubber manufacturing is unstable as the chains can slip over each other.
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It produces stress relaxation or creep when loaded. It also happens when the product is under static state. Most applications require strengthening during practical applications. They include mastication and other operations. Operations are extrusion, calendaring and mixing. The processes are significant to turning rubber into a stable and suitable position. It helps in giving shape to the product of rubber manufacturing.
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Mastication breaks down polymer chains and reduces the molecular mass to lower viscosity. Lower levels of viscosity are necessary for further processing. Attaining this status gives room for further additions to the material being manufactured. Industrial mixers come in various forms. It is effective in various forms. The first step in rubber manufacturing is compounding the material with additives. The additives include accelerators, carbon black and sulphur. The next step is to mill it to required sheets with the most appropriate thickness. From the onset, rubber manufacturing uses natural rubber. Natural rubber has smaller impurities of organic compounds and water. Latex comes from Indonesia and Malaysia mainly. Forms of polyisoprene used during rubber manufacturing are collectively referred to as elastomers. Rubber destined for manufacturing is harvested in form of latex. Latex is milky colloid whose off-the-mark applies in making incisions in the bark, it is sticky and features that help when collecting the fluid in channels. It is the preparation stage that readies the material for processing. Most processes allow latex to coagulate into the collecting jar. Different varieties are used n manufacturing. They are dandelion, Congo Rubber and Hevea brasilensis among others. It is trusted for being waterproof. Hevea brasilensis comes out as the biggest source of natural latex It comes from the Para rubber tree. It comes from the spurge family.