Broadly speaking, there are three causes of water pollution. The cause of this pollution can be called the source of pollutants. There are pollutants from industrial waste, household waste, and agricultural waste. Let’s discuss it here:
Since the name is household waste, yes it came from the results of housing activities such as households, markets, offices, restaurants, and building material debris. Household waste is divided into organic, inorganic, and other hazardous materials. Organic waste comes in the form of fruit skins, vegetables, food scraps, leaves, and so on. While for Inorganic waste, for example, it comes in the form of aluminum, plastic, glass, beverage cans. For hazardous wastes, it can become from used oil in the workshop. If you want to dispose of large amounts of waste and are confused about finding a solution, don’t worry “Wasted Opportunites” can help you to get rid of waste.
Wastewater from industry tends to contain hazardous substances. Usually, the industry of textile factories or paper mills is the most pollutant. The type of waste from these two factories has an unpleasant odor. This waste is called organic waste. Another dangerous industrial waste comes from steel factories, paint factories, and pharmaceutical factories. Waste from this type of company is found in the form of hot liquid, foamy, containing sulfuric acid, with a pungent odor. This waste is called inorganic waste.
Do you think the agriculture sector doesn’t contribute to waste? You’re wrong. This sector has waste made from the use of fertilizers and chemicals. Yups, insecticide for example. These chemicals do serve as a pest repellent, but since it is a medicine, it has side effects for health. The effects of excessive insecticide exposure can cause an increase in thyroid gland growth.
Impact of Water Pollution
There are also impacts of water pollution including:
1. deterioration in environmental quality
2. health problems
3. biological concentration
4. disrupt the beauty of the area and accelerate the process of damage to nature.
Ways to Prevent Water Pollution
Well, you already know the causes and effects of water pollution itself. Now we learn some ways to deal with water pollution.
1. Making a pool of stabilization
In this stabilization pond, wastewater is treated naturally. This is done to neutralize pollutants before they flow into rivers.
2. Wastewater Treatment Plant
Wastewater Treatment Plant uses special tools with three stages, namely primary treatment, secondary treatment, and tertiary treatment. This management can be found in septic tanks. Septic tanks can processed anaerobically into biogas. After that, it can be used as a source of gas for households.
You need to remember, in dealing with waste either in solid or liquid form, pay attention to the ecological principle, which is known as 4R. What is 4R?
Now you already know the causes, impacts, and ways to deal with water pollution. Let’s respect the environment and tackle waste in the right way